The term ‘Vegetable’ includes all foods of vegetable origin, but it excludes cereal and dried seeds of pulses, it includes grain on the cob, potatoes and other tubers. Vegetables are an integral part of human diet and known as protective foods, which contribute required minerals, vitamins and other nutrients of medicinal and therapeutic values.
Olericulture is derived from two words, i.e., ‘Oleris’ meaning ‘potherb’ and ‘culture’ meaning ‘cultivation’. So, olericulture literally means potherb cultivation. In present day, it is broadly used to indicate the cultivation of vegetables.
It is any part of the herbaceous plant that is generally used after cooking as a principal part of the meal. Vegetables are called protective food as their consumption can preventive several diseases. Vegetable plays an important role in the balanced diet by providing not only energy, but also supplying vital protective nutrients like-minerals and vitamins.